## Combinatorial solutions to discrete integrable systems

 This project is an X-Student Research group, funded by the Berlin University Alliance (BUA). It is now also a MATH+ Student Research group. organized by Niklas Affolter (affolter at tu-berlin.de), I'm a member of the AG Geometry at TU Berlin. For active participation you can get 6 Credits, no matter the university or the subject you study.Course language is English, but I'm happy to answer German questions as well. We meet weekly 14:15 - 15:45 each Thursday from 20.10.22 - 16.02.23, at MAR 0.015. ISIS course (TU moodle), Vorlesungsverzeichnis, BUA XRSG description

## The project

The idea of the X-Research Student Groups and this project in particular is that students do their own research. In this project we look at certain rational recurrence equations on the rectangular lattice. Iterating these equations should lead to very complicated formulas that grow exponentially both in the number of terms and in degree. Instead some magic happens, and the formulas are surprisingly well-behaved. The goal of the project is to write down these formulas explicitly, by (weighted) counting of combinatorial objects associated to some companion graph.

Some reasons why I think this project is suitable for students:
• Feasability: Similar, harder problems have been solved in higher dimensions (A³, Z³, see the literature listed below). There is clear computer-assisted evidence of the "magic" property mentioned above.
• Cross math community: This problem is a good example of how questions and tools of different math communities intersect. The equations naturally occur in incidence geometry and (discrete) surface theory, they are the object of study of discrete integrable systems, we solve them by using methods of enumerative combinatorics, using objects that occur in statistical mechanics.
• Simplicity of the problem: The problem can be stated right away, there is no mathematical background knowledge necessary, beyond dealing with mathematical formulas. Of course, participants need creativity to come up with candidate solutions and analytic thinking to develop and verify these solutions.
Note that as with all research, we cannot know what the precise outcome will be. We will be happy if we find candidate solutions for some of the recursion formulas. Proving the formulas may be something for follow up work, for example in form of a bachelor or master thesis. Depending on the success, there is also the possibility of publishing a joint paper.

## Background literature

You do not need to know the contents of the literature listed here, but in case you are wondering where all this is coming from... We are going to consider the equations (Q1) - (Q4), (H1) - (H4), (A1) - (A2) of
Previous results for 3-dimensional systems can be found here:
Some geometric applications of the previous recurrence:
• N. Affolter, B. de Tilière, P. Melotti. The Schwarzian octahedron recurrence (dSKP equation) II: geometric systems arXiv:2208.00244
Supported by the SFB TRR 109 Discretization in Geometry and Dynamics and by MATH+

Funded by the